Steve K's Newsletter 01/13/20

Topics in this Issue:

I am going to give my first Be Kind this week to our own Caroline. She will be leaving us in a couple of weeks, but last week she showed her heart of gold. A 91-year young lady reached out and said how touched she had been by reading in the Star the guest piece I recently wrote on grieving. She had since lost track of it. This lady – Starr – has recently lost a husband and a son. I called her and we shared some good conversation. Caroline put us in touch, and then offered to deliver to Starr a copy of the article I had written. It was a Kind and generous offer, and put a smile on the face of one somewhat lonely elderly lady.

This is a sort of dual Be Kind. On the UA mall last week, I watched a guy who was in a wheelchair out with his companion pup. It was a bit breezy so while they were rolling upwind, the dog was pulling him along. When they turned and headed downwind, the guy pushed the wheels and gave his pal a rest. It was cool to see the relationship that was clearly built on a mutual love.

That is Kaylin and Caleb. They are twin babies who were recently born to Alexandria Wolleson. It was her second set of twins in the past year. When doctors told her she had better odds of winning the lottery – and didn’t she wish she would have bought a ticket – she recalled that both of her grandmothers had been pregnant with twins, neither of whom survived. She is comforted in the belief that she is carrying on what they were deprived of. She is being showered with help through the Kindness of family and neighbors. It’s just a sweet story.

This week’s Local Tucson item comes on the heels of last week’s January 8th Memorial ceremony. On the day of the event it was announced that our entire Congressional delegation, on a bipartisan basis has joined to nominate the Memorial as an affiliated area of the National Park system. That will make it a National Memorial. Companion bills were introduced in both the House and in the Senate.

You know the story. On January 8th, 2011, a killer shot dead six and wounded another thirteen people during a shooting rampage that took place in a local Safeway parking lot. One of those wounded was then Congresswoman Gabby Giffords. I recently toured her and her husband (Senatorial candidate Mark Kelly) through the Benedictine monastery. She is doing well.

In the aftermath of the shooting, individual memorials sprouted up around town. I walked past the one at UMC every day, and visited the one at Gabby’s office at Pima and Swan from time to time. Of course, the Safeway parking lot hosted its own memorial. The community was unified and support came in from all over the country. It is great to see our entire delegation joined together in sponsoring this effort. Wouldn’t it be great to see such mutual support on a wider array of legislation?

Mayors Against Illegal Guns

Gun control, for example.

Last week I was honored to join Congressman Ron Barber, Chief Magnus, representatives from the March for our Lives, Congressman Grijalva and Mom’s Demand Action, as Regina Romero officially joined Mayors Against Illegal Guns. She is following in Jonathan’s footsteps, keeping Tucson as a part of the national gun control conversation. We have sadly earned our seat at that table through two mass shootings, plus the many other gun-related killings that take place far too frequently in this community, and in communities throughout the Country.

Last year nearly 40,000 people died due to gun violence in the U.S. We are by far the number one nation in the world when it comes to gun deaths. Nobody else is even close. The causes include homicide, domestic violence, suicide, police-involved-shootings (and let’s not forget the danger our officers are in every time they leave for work), and the mass shootings that seem to get all the publicity. It is a national epidemic that has a complex array of causes. It is a public health issue.

As a part of the ceremony held at City Hall, Regina announced her intention to form a local task force that will promote community safety. It will include youth, neighborhood leaders, mental health professionals, our law enforcement personnel, and of course, the advocates I have been working alongside on this issue for years. While we have our hands tied to some extent by the State Legislature in terms of our ability to adopt local gun ordinances, this task force will look into strategies through which we can take local action. It will give special focus to some of the groups who are disproportionately impacted by gun violence. As a result of our close relationship with Emerge, one such group near and dear to the Ward 6 office is victims of domestic violence. 

I thought it was great that Regina chose gun violence as an area for early focus in her term as Mayor. She knows she will have my support as this task force evolves, and as we explore together ways we can make progress in making Tucson a safer community, despite the restrictions we’re operating under due to State interference.

Bottle Crusher

Someone told me that a couple of the local talk shows think my having purchased a bottle crusher is something to make fun of. Really. That is just one reason I don’t waste my time listening to them. I did spend time with one of the broadcast professionals in the City, Bill Buckmaster, and we explored the reasons for, and potential of the crusher. Come to the Ward 6 office and you will be able to see that potential being put into effect.


Friday of last week, that is what our front entry looked like. Later in the day, this…

The roots from the tree you see were causing the pavers to lift, creating a trip hazard. The concrete needed to be replaced to remove the condition. Instead of just using a regular concrete mix, I suggested to our General Services guys that we use the sand I had made with the crusher. I donated all 75 gallons that I had in the garage. The next time you visit us, you will be walking on glass when you come in through the front door. 

On a very retail scale, that is one example of what we can do with crushed glass. We sell recycled glass for a loss right now. We lose nearly $500K annually. Might it be better to use it in sidewalks and other concrete applications?

How about this – back in the ‘70’s when the price of oil was high, people were experimenting with ‘glassphalt.’ Google it. While there remain both economic and some engineering challenges to using it on all roadbeds, crushed glass can clearly be used to help with work such as filling potholes. Mix it with the asphalt, reduce the amount of aggregate needed and thereby reduce the cost of the product. The radio guys making fun of the crusher are also the guys who complain about potholes. I would certainly be a shame to see them have to confront this as an idea that could potentially reduce their ability to kvetch about road conditions.

And this – last week our sandbag filler arrived.

This was my ‘if all else fails’ opening idea. We pass out sandbags during the monsoon. Sand is not free. Why not use crushed bottles instead. Save the money we spend on sand, save the impact of the bottles on the landfill, avoid selling into a losing market, and give away the same product that we’re already giving away. 

As I write this, the garage is once again full of bottles waiting for me to turn them into a new, useful product. I know our General Services, Environmental Services, City Manager and local residents are watching this with great interest. So are the many bars who are supporting the effort by donating their empties instead of sending them off to the recycle facility. Stay tuned as this evolves – and come by to see our newly laid front entryway. You will be walking on champagne bottles.


Another environmental issue that we made progress on last week is the water security item that I am very passionate about. This is the text of the motion we adopted last week that addresses several of the areas we’re actively working on related to the PFC contamination DM and the Air National Guard are largely responsible for introducing into several of our wells and the sewer system.

Item 12 (Water/PFAS):
I move that we direct the City Manager, City Attorney and staff to proceed as discussed in Executive Session and to continue all actions that are appropriate to ensure that Tucson Water continues to serve safe water to its customers, and to amend the City's obligations under the TARP consent decree, as may be needed to protect public health and advance the City's interests. This includes working with the EPA, and seeking relief from the City's obligation to serve the TARP-treated water to customers. It also includes direction to pursue any available federal funding to address PFAS issues in the long term. 

The most urgent part of that motion is ‘seeking relief from the City’s obligation to serve the TARP-treated water to customers.’ The brief background is that back when the City was forming agreements with the EPA to treat our water – then for TCE – in order to ensure we were treating it properly the Feds added a condition to the settlement that we must serve the cleansed water to our customers. Fair enough when the technology is up to the task, which it is, for the contaminants and levels we’re treating. Our work last week was to position ourselves for when the newly found ANG pollutants migrate to the treatment facility in the levels we have found them. I’ve reported to you before that those levels exceed 13,000 parts per trillion. That extreme level of contamination would simply overwhelm our ability to keep up with the treatment process in the existing plant. What we are asking is to remove the obligation to serve that water while we continue working other angles with the Feds, the State and through our 3M litigation to get funding to build adequate, new and newly located treatment facilities. I cannot imagine even this EPA telling us that we must serve you polluted water. We will have that answer as this legal work plays out.

Another part of the discussion last week was my pushing staff to bring us an ordinance that will prevent the ‘use or disposal’ of PFC-laden fire fighting foam within City limits. We will be able to achieve parts of what I’m after. Right now, the Military Specifications for the foam they use to fight jet fuel fires says the products they buy must contain fluorides. As I noted in the past couple of newsletters, we are the international outlier when it comes to insisting we use products that contaminate groundwater.

I understand that we will not be able to compel the Defense Department to only buy environmentally safe products, but we can certainly adopt standards that do the following two things: one is to insist that the City no longer uses fluorine containing products, and the next is to insist that nobody using fluorine containing products disposes of it within City limits. As recently as last Friday we discovered yet another location out on the west side that has PFAS contamination, very likely coming from the Santa Cruz area – which very likely is a result of DM dumping their product into the sewer system.

The County might want to adopt standards prohibiting dumping PFAS into the sewer system, too. Just a thought for them to consider.

In an article that ran in the Minneapolis Star Tribune in December it was reported that “recent lawsuits against 3M have intensified concerns that it could face massive legal and cleanup costs.” Correct. I have shared with you that they already settled with the State of Minnesota for $850M. They also settled in Alabama for $35M. Other litigation that is in the legal pipeline includes New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Vermont, New Mexico – and Tucson. (As a sidebar here, I would note that the County chose not to join us in our lawsuit.) The 3M company has set aside $235M to cover legal claims. That will not be enough. If you would like to read that entire article, here’s the link:

New attention is being given to the PFAS issue at the Congressional level. The most hopeful is HR 535. Here’s the intent summary included in the Bill:

That designation would be important because it would kick free some Superfund money to help with remediation. Right now, the EPA has only issued a health advisory. That sends a warning, but sends no cash. We have already spent nearly $2M on this problem, with no help from the DOD, EPA or any level of the State, even though the Air National Guard is a State agency.

So what is our EPA doing? In December, they issued a statement asserting “For the first time in Agency history, we utilized all of our program offices to construct an all-encompassing plan to help states and local communities address PFAS and protect our nation’s drinking water.” It included no funding, no funding source, and as for designating PFAS as a hazardous substance, this is all their ‘plan’ does:

So, they’re studying it. 3M is settling lawsuits valued in the hundreds of millions of dollars. Their own internal documents demonstrate that the people making the stuff know it is toxic. They knew it decades ago. Our EPA needs to study it more. 

The DOD at least recognizes PFAS is an issue, but in their Defense Authorization Act, they take no ownership of funding remediation. The burden to start a dialog belongs with the Governor of an affected State. The Governor is to contact DOD and ask to start the process of negotiating a “Cooperative Agreement” that will eventually conclude in some action plan. No funding source is identified, and if you read the language of the Act closely, it’s clear the only documents they’re going to consider are DOD documents. Here’s a bit from that Act making that point:

Any elementary school writing teacher would mark that down for being a run-on sentence. The Feds are great at those – they leave huge gaps for interpreting what’s intended. In this one, you can read it to mean that they’re going to quickly come to a cooperative agreement that’ll include funding remedial actions, or you can read it to mean a cooperative agreement that will address testing, monitoring, funding, etc – but it does not identify any funding source. It relies on “documents of the Department” to conclude culpability. I’m not hanging on by my fingernails expecting this Act to generate any money headed in our direction any time soon, if at all.

Reviewing all of that – Congress is considering what would be a helpful Bill; the EPA wants to study the issue more; and the DOD is willing to wait on Governors to request that they start negotiating a “cooperative agreement” which may or may not bring funding for remediation.

Today Lake Mead is relatively healthy. The Rockies had a very good snowpack last year so the level on the Lake is ok for now, but the projection for 2020 is 82% of normal. That is on the heels of a 2-decade long drought. We will need our groundwater at some point, possibly sooner than later if the CAP source gets into trouble. That is the reason I write about PFAS contamination so often. When – not if – we need to fire up our water wells and start serving our groundwater, it cannot contain PFAS at the levels the Feds seem to be comfortable with. 

Good for our Congressional delegation for seeing that this matters. Have you heard it referred to even once during any of the Presidential debates? It is a huge, multi-billion dollar national problem. I believe it’s woefully undercovered in the media, and the magnitude and importance of it is woefully misunderstood in Congress.

Greywater Systems

How about some good water-related news. Last week Tucson Water announced a partnership we are involved with related to bringing greywater systems to more homeowners. It is significant that the partnership is with both a housing developer, and the developer of a residential greywater recycling system.

That’s the little gizmo we’re talking about. It’s a water recycler designed by Greyter HOMETM.  The system can help reduce your indoor water consumption by up to 25%. What it does is capture water from your shower and bathtub, treat it and provide it to take care of toilet flushing demands in the home.  Lennar Homes is building a small nine home subdivision out in Santa Rita Ranch. They are installing a Greyter HOME system in each – Tucson Water is partnering by funding ½ the cost as a way of evaluating water savings actually realized from the process. It would be great if the system really proves out and other homebuilders join Lennar in becoming more water efficient with new residential construction.

Two Climate/Environmental Meetings

Continuing with the environmental theme (recycling, PFAS, greywater) we are hosting a couple of groups at the W6 office who will be presenting some interesting climate-related speakers.

This Tuesday, the 14th, Sustainable Tucson will host a panel of speakers who will be talking about innovative building design. Just as the Lennar/Greyter HOME system is an example of how we might build sustainability into our construction of new homes, the panel will present several other ways to build in environmentally sensitive ways. The panel will include Bart Santello (dome house builder,) David Eisenberg (2030 District,) Janelle Briggs (Stackhouse,) Joe Silins (Tierra Buena Home and Garden,) and Robin Motzer (Vision House Tucson.) 

The meeting will be held in our community room – doors are at 5:30 and the presentations begin at 6pm. As with all of the Sustainable Tucson meetings, it is free and everyone is welcome.

Then on the 27th, Climate Tucson will be here with a presentation on urban landscaping. Irene Ogata is the City’s Urban Landscape manager. She will bring the presentation.

This subject fits in directly with our discussions related to Complete Streets. Providing tree canopy is a huge amenity in roadway design and development. Irene will include in her remarks information about the role trees will continue to play as the City moves ahead with creating a sustainable urban ecosystem. Not just building more roads, or allowing for projects that include “functional open space” that doesn’t pass the eye-test for that.

The doors will open for the Climate Tucson meeting at 5:30 – meeting will begin at 6pm. We’ve had an Urban Landscape Framework in place since 2008. Click that link if you would like to review it ahead of Irene’s presentation.

Tucson Jazz Festival

It is that time of year again – running now until January 20th, the Jazz Festival will be active in several different venues in and around downtown. Many of the performers are world-class. You will see them at the Fox, Rialto, Leo Rich, Tucson Music Hall, Centennial Hall and others downtown. 

The artists will include Mavis Staples, the Afro-Cuban All Stars, the Average White Band, the David Sanborn Jazz Quintet and a bunch more. On MLK Day, there will be a free daylong series of performances scattered through downtown on outdoor stages. They’ll run from 11am until 5:30pm. All of the information on the festival is available at Check out the site. It’s a multi-day/multi-venue event, so you can pick and choose as you wish. 

Even year elections/Prop 101

Last week I wrote about the decision options we would have to make as a result of voter turnout at the last election, and the State mandating that we change our Charter to even-numbered year elections if we didn’t hit certain turnout levels. We missed the State ordered turnout threshold, so State law now says we are to amend our Charter and switch to even-numbered year elections. On Tuesday, we decided to not simply go quietly into the night and accept the State pre-emption of our Charter.

This is the multi-part motion we adopted on Tuesday.

Item 10 (Elections):
-    Motion: I move that the Mayor and Council direct the City Attorney and City Manager to proceed as discussed in Executive Session, and specifically to do the following:
o    1) prepare to call a candidate election for Wards 3, 5 and 6 for November, 2021, as provided in the City Charter and as affirmed by the City’s voters with their vote on Proposition 408 in 2018;
o    2) to file such legal actions as may be necessary to assert our Charter authority and the will of Tucson’s voters and to resolve the conflict between the Charter and AZ statute relating to the time for holding local candidate elections;
o    3) to include in those legal actions the City’s assertion that ARS 16-204 cannot be applied to the City, as a Charter City, with respect to the timing of either candidate or non-candidate elections, including any Charter amendment elections, which are purely a matter of local concern;

The first piece of the motion is to let the State know that we intend to hold our regularly scheduled election in 2021. If State law prevails, that election would be pushed back to 2022. If the State wants to make an issue out of what we intend to do, that ball will soon be in their court.

Speaking of court – the second part of the motion is to let the State know that we will be filing whatever legal action is necessary to defend our Charter. As I noted in last week’s newsletter, we’ve won some of those related to elections, and we’ve lost some. Our Charter has said for 100 years that we hold Mayor & Council elections in odd-numbered years. We asked you in 2018 if you wanted us to continue that and you overwhelmingly said ‘yes.’ If someone from the Legislature challenges our intention to hold the 2021 election, we’ll meet them on the courthouse steps.

And also last week I wrote about Prop 101 and how it will sunset in July, 2022. Without the State interference, we would likely hold the election for extending that item along with our ’21 Mayor & Council election. If we get push back from the State on calling that election, we will include in our pitch to the Court that Propositions should also be exempt from the State interference in our Charter-driven election process.

Defending our Charter will cost us money and effort. As it unfolds, please keep in mind that it wasn’t us who picked this fight. Yet, consistent with the will of the voters when we asked you 2 years ago, we are not inclined to just concede the primacy of our Charter because the State is trying once again to usurp its authority.


The rest of the MAYOR AND COUNCIL decided on Tuesday to allow the scooter pilot program to continue, at least until the 6 month trial period ends in March. I have made the point that it’s Ward 6 that is impacted, nearly exclusively by the scooters. This map shows where they are being used – and it makes the W6 point I have been preaching.

The small rectangle in the middle of all the red is the UA campus. They were smart enough to outlaw use of the scooters on campus. You can see though that the rest of the community around the UA, and downtown is where they are being ridden. Additionally, it’s where they’re being dropped on sidewalks, in landscaping, and pretty much randomly wherever a ride ends.

Is this a revenue generator for the City? We have taken in about $64K in fees. We have also spent about 25% of that to monitor their use, and to contract with “ZenCity” to conduct what TDOT is calling a “sentiment analysis” on their use. No kidding. We are paying $10K for a social media analysis of how people feel about scooters. So no, this experiment is not a money-maker for the City.

Cunningham felt left out because he doesn’t see any scooters out in Ward 2. He asked for 5 of them. I will give him 500. Durham suggested we add a fee to hire police officers to enforce the scooter rules. That is not why we hire and put people through the very expensive police academy. 

These are Lime scooters. We don’t have them here. Phoenix does. Or at least they did until Lime announced last week that they’re not making enough money inflicting their mess on Phoenix, so they’re pulling out of the area. They are also pulling out of 11 other markets around the world. Right – around the world. These companies are big business. Lime is leaving Atlanta, San Diego, San Antonio, Bogota, Buenos Aires, Lima, Rio de Janerio, Puerto Vallarta, and other cities. It is what their media statement called “part of our path to profitability.” In Phoenix, they have to return the scooter to a specific location. It appears that cuts into their profitability. I have asked our TDOT people if Razor and Bird would agree to that in Tucson. Don’t count on it – but the rest of MAYOR AND COUNCIL are not impacted by that mess. Oh, and ASU showed the same wisdom that the UA did and banned them from their campus.

CNet ran a piece last week on the increasing number of scooter-related injuries that are being reported. In the U.S. alone nearly 40,000 escooter injuries were treated in emergency rooms between ’14 and ’18. The study was published in JAMA Surgery, so these are not just minor bruises and scrapes. Nearly a third of the injuries are head trauma. The most common are fractures. A quote from Benjamin Breyer (UCSF M.D.) – “we’re very concerned about the significant increase in injuries and hospital admissions that we documented, particularly during the last year, and especially with young people, where the proportion of hospital admissions increased 354%.” In a Centers for Disease Control study they cited similar data. 

Saying we have adopted a new ‘micro-transit option’ sounds like we are leaders in environmental consciousness. The companies are pulling out of markets where controls are lax because those controls dip into their profit margin. Where controls are lax, significant injuries are increasing. Being associated with that is not leadership.

Sunshine Mile Construction

The first project meeting related to the Sunshine Mile Broadway expansion project was held last week. It’s the pre-con I wrote about in last week’s newsletter. It went pretty much as outlined – issues related to Sun Tran, TUSD, City waste collection and how the contractors will communicate project-related information out to the public and private sector groups who will be impacted.

The project will begin at the West end, by Euclid. They will start with utility work. You will see trenching associated with water lines. Broadway will be reduced to three lanes while the work is going on. One headed east, one headed west and a center turn lane. Wouldn’t it be interesting if that reduced road capacity did not result in significant traffic snarls.

You may see some sidestreet closures throughout construction. There will likely be some temporary streetlight deactivation while electrical work is being done. Eventually the work will include the actual roadway/bike amenities/medians and landscaping. For up to date information on the progress and timing of the work, get in touch with Joan Landers at Kaneen P.R. – As the project unfolds, construction notice outreach to businesses will come from RTA Mainstreet (; information will be distributed from and posted on the website (; and the Department of Transportation will be utilizing their social media, as well as their regular distribution list which includes the Ward offices. Ward 6 will also be sending out notices and updates as they occur. For the City Environmental Services that may be affected, Cristina Polsgrove will provide updates ( The project office will be located at 1433 E. Broadway – stop by and check with the folks in the trailer if you need information on how things are going. Ashton is the contractor – Chris Rogers – 624.5500, or email at

Two Forums

In closing this week, I want to let you know about two forums that cover important topics. One is education funding, and the other is a repeat of the Advance Directive presentation we hosted a few months ago.

Education funding is largely a function of State law – and State budgeting. This Wednesday, January 15th, the Metropolitan Education Commission is joining forces with the Arizona Education Association, the Arizona Center for Economic Progress, the Children’s Action Alliance, and the AFL-CIO to bring an informational forum on all things education funding.

While sitting through a presentation on things such as the Arizona State Budget and how the tax system works may sound dreary, they’re both integral in terms of how our education system is paid for. You read from time to time about changes in taxation, and you hear lots of chatter on how the State is allocating limited budget dollars. This forum will fill in the blanks on how all of that impacts the school system.

The forum will take place at the Santa Rosa Recreation Center – 1080 S. 10th Ave. They will begin at 5:30 pm and it’s scheduled to last for about an hour. It is free – and it’s important information.

Advance Directives

I hosted a presentation on Advance Directives last fall. We had a full house. The information being covered is about the paperwork you should have in place well ahead of the time you will no longer be able to make informed decisions about your own health care and living conditions. Accidents happen. Age happens. You do not know when you will have needed these forms.

Living Wills – assigning Power of Attorney – Executors of Estates – all of that is critical to have in place before you need it. When you need it you may not be able to participate in the decisions. Getting this stuff done is all about your last days being handled with your dignity and your wishes being honored. It’s also about making sure your surviving family isn’t torn apart by having to assume what you would have wanted.

The Center for Community Dialogue & Training is again presenting the material. The workshop will run from 6pm until about 8pm on Tuesday, March 24th. Last time we ended a bit early. The length depends on the size of the group and the amount of interaction that happens. We need you to register so they know how many materials to bring. It’s free, but last time we had to share some of the forms, so please contact the Center to register.

The contact information for the Center is http;// You can also call Melanie at 323.1708 (x422) and she will take care of your registration. If you have teens or know college-aged kids who have not thought about this information, please encourage them to get to this meeting. I know, at that age we are all invincible. I also know that’s not true.


Steve Kozachik
Council Member, Ward 6

City of Tucson Services

Follow this link for contact information you might need from time to time to access all sorts of City services. You’ll find Environmental Services, Tucson Water, how to report graffiti, some Tucson Codes, and a bunch more. You are completely still welcome to contact us directly at the Ward office if you’d like some help navigating the system, but there will be times you just want to make a call on your own.

Events and Entertainment

Thursday, January 16

Open House to celebrate: A Retrospective of Work by Patrick Nagatani

Andrew Smith Gallery, 439 N. 6th Ave. Suite 179

Koshare/Tewa Ritual Clowns, Missile Park, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico

In "Koshare/Tewa Ritual Clowns, Missile Park, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico," Nagatani warns us of the social boundaries we have transgressed with weapons. From Nuclear Enchantments 1989-1991


Over a 40-year career Nagatani created a diverse body of work that pushed the contours of photography. His pioneering use of narrative tableau photography began in the 1980s. Invited to use the 20x24” Polaroid and collaborating with the painter Andrée Tracey, they planned out the sets, painted back drops, created the models, photographed scenes or people and used their pictures as props to create tableaus for the camera “to see” (1983-1989). In these works, emphasis was on the apocalyptic moment as life begins to fly apart. Here Nagatani was not only a creator but also the director.

Constant themes of his work include truth in photography, the looping of time back on itself, magic realism, visual joy, apocalyptic moments, atomic bombs, photographic puns, color for healing, Japanese Internment or as Patrick called them “Concentration” camps, and the Sensei heritage.



Tucson Japanese Festival​

Tucson Chinese Cultural Center, 1288 W. River Rd.


Sunday, January 19

Tucson Jazz Festival: Mavis Staples​

Fox Tucson Theatre, 17 W. Congress

Hailed as "one of America's defining voices of freedom and peace," MAVIS STAPLES is the kind of once-in-a-generation artist whose impact on music and culture would be difficult to overstate. She's both a Blues and a Rock and Roll Hall of Famer; a civil rights icon; a GRAMMY Award-winner; a chart-topping soul/gospel/R&B pioneer; a National Arts Awards Lifetime Achievement recipient; and a Kennedy Center honoree.  



Arizona State Museum, 1013 E University Blvd |

Arizona Theater Company, 330 S Scott Ave |

Children's Museum Tucson, 200 S 6th Ave |

Fox Theatre, 17 W Congress St |

Historic Fourth AvenueSee Facebook page for weekly events:

Hotel Congress, 311 E Congress St |

Jewish History Museum, 564 S Stone Ave |

Loft Cinema, 3233 E Speedway Blvd |

Meet Me at Maynards, 311 E Congress St |
A social walk/run through the Downtown area. Every Monday, rain or shine, holidays too! Check-in begins at 5:15 pm.

Mission Garden, 946 W Mission Ln |
A living agricultural museum and ethnobotanical garden at the site of Tucson's Birthplace (the foot of "A-Mountain"). For guided tours call 520-955-5200

Raices Taller 222, 218 E. 6th St | Fridays and Saturdays from 1pm to 5pm |

Rialto Theatre, 318 E Congress St |

The Rogue Theatre, The Historic Y, 300 E University Blvd |

Southern Arizona Transportation Museum, 414 N Toole Ave |

Tucson Botanical Gardens, 2150 N Alvernon Way |

Tucson Convention Center, 260 S Church St |

Tucson Museum of Art, 140 N Main Ave |

UA Mineral Museum, 1601 E University Blvd |

Watershed Management Group, Living Lab 1137 N. Dodge Blvd. |

Yume Japanese Gardens of Tucson2130 North Alvernon Way |