Steve K's Newsletter 01/21/20

Topics in this Issue:

That’s a picture Claire took one morning while on her way into the office. It’s of a blind lady who had been walking in the street – Grant Road – obviously endangered. The guy you see alongside her ran into the street and escorted her to safety on the sidewalk. His Kindness is emblematic of Tucson.

Susan is a lady who wrote a very touching letter in which she thanked me for writing the Guest Piece in the Star about grief. She lost her mom when she was 7 years old (71 years ago) and her grandson just a few years ago. She continues to process the losses – as we in that club all do. Her letter was Kind and heartfelt. I continue to be surprised by how so many people were spoken to by that article. And by how many have exercised the liberty to reach out and share their very personal stories. Loss is truly a very human, and universally shared experience.

More on the glass crusher below, but so many of you have sent emails, and commented in person about the effort to change how we recycle glass that the cumulative Kindness makes the time spent in the garage doing the work all worth it. People continue bringing in bottles. I’m in touch with the Loft, the Copper Rock lounge at the Doubletree, Sky Bar, Val brings bottles from Time Market, Barrio Brewery and Hotel Congress. Judy has enlisted Redondo Towers into the mix. Alison and Meg have sent out notices in their respective neighborhoods. And on and on. Tucson is on board with the effort and it’s fitting that my gratitude is expressed in the Be Kind section. 

That’s Seneca Basin – the storm water project the Flood Control District is managing over at Dodge and Seneca. This Be Kind is for their project manager Deirdre Brosnihan. She has done an absolutely wonderful job of keeping me and surrounding residents up to speed on how the project is developing and has done that with what is clearly a passion for the purpose of the work that’s being performed. Whether it’s tree planting, hydroseeding, watering schedules, laying in the DG pathway, or simply installation of bollards, Deirdre has been a gem to work with. I look forward to more of these storm water projects with the Flood Control District. The County can be proud of this project, and of their project manager.

Louis CK Show

Last week I learned that the TCC has booked Louis CK – a comedy act that brings more than just jokes. In this case, it’s my belief that inviting him into our venue sends a very wrong message. Last week I sent this letter to our City Manager and the Director of the TCC expressing my disappointment in the booking.

It’s stand up comedy described as ‘shameless,’ ‘chewed up,’ and for adults only. That’s all fine if you want to spend your money on that genre. And yet, this is a guy who brings a history of using his position in the industry to place women/colleagues in compromised positions. You can Google him if you need the details, but as I state in my letter, we as a City should reflect higher values than those Louis CK’s behavior towards women express.

We book lots of different kinds of ‘entertainment’ at the TCC, Music Hall and Leo Rich. I think we could have done a better job of thinking this one through. My bottom line is that there are things more important to represent than the bottom line.

On the other hand, Tucson values are certainly on display with this week’s Local Tucson item. It’s the upcoming March for Science Brains & Brews program. Our ‘glass crushing’ partners over at Sky Bar are hosting the events.

This is actually a series of presentations that Sky Bar will host. Each event starts at 6:30pm, and each has a science component. For example, on January 23rd they’ll talk about environmental education and ‘school gardens.’ On the 30th they shift to a presentation on tumors and how the medical community is doing new sampling techniques. February 6th is “Using Children’s Books for Science Education.”  The events will continue throughout the spring.

Sky Bar is located at  536 N. 4th Avenue. Look them up  at They bill themselves as an ‘astronomy bar.’ If you haven’t checked them out, give it a try.

Transit Items

I’m going to touch on a few items that all have a transit-related component. First is one that needs to be resolved by the combined work of the City, Sun Tran and a vendor who has a contract with Sun Van to provide a menu of services to members of our disabled brothers and sisters in the community. That vendor is Trapeze. They need to up their game, and this will be an issue I raise during our upcoming budget meetings.

Sun Van provides transit services to people who have mobility challenges. One person I know who uses the service is nearly blind. Another is wheelchair bound. We’re not talking about people who have a lot of transportation options, but they are people who still enjoy a quality of life that needs to be respected. 

Trapeze will be one of the presenters at an upcoming transit technology conference called Think Transit. The conference will be held out at Starr Pass from April 19th through the 22nd . You can use this link to see what it’s all about:

They bill the event as being ‘open to any transit professional, at any agency.’ Our Sun Tran General Manager will be one of the speakers. The setting will be a great opportunity for our own transportation staff to interact with Trapeze and Sun Tran management to get the ball rolling on a software upgrade. Trends in transit technology will be a prime focus of the conference.

So what about the Trapeze product needs to be addressed for our customers? One ground rule for using Sun Van is calling for a reservation at least 24 hours in advance. You can call ‘day-of’ but if you do, you’ll pay more and will be subject to the availability of a van and driver. I totally get that. The service is heavily subsidized by the General Fund, so there are limitations as to what we can provide.

When you make the reservation, you’re given a 30 minute window in which the van is scheduled to arrive at your home. When it arrives, you have 120 seconds to present yourself at the van or it can leave. The same is true of your return trip. Right there you’ve conceded an hour of your day just waiting for the van to show up sometime in that half hour window. And if you happen to not get to it in 2 minutes, it can leave you without a ride. Remember the clientele are disabled. 

Trapeze has an App that customers can use to track their van. It’s called “Where’s my ride?” Say you’re waiting on a van sometime within the 9am to 9:30am window. You’re thinking about making yourself some breakfast, but don’t want to get started and have to leave things sitting out all day while you’re gone. 120 seconds hops by pretty quickly, especially if you’re wheelchair bound. The Trapeze App allows you to see if your van is 4 minutes away, or 20 minutes away. Great. But we have not made the App available to our customers yet. 

When I checked into how we can make Where’s my Ride available so people can plan their days more efficiently, I was told the App will cost somewhere between $90K and $100K. And Trapeze is telling us it’ll take from 6 to 9 months to get up and running. So we’re to tell our Sun Van customers that we’ve got you covered, in about a year, after we come up with the money.  One more thing – in order to use Where’s my Ride, we have to sign up for Pass Web. That’s another $180K. And they’ve got a product called EZ Wallet for more money that allows you to set up an account and pay. 

This is like your cable provider – they provide a bundle of options and it costs more to buy a la carte than it does to pay for the whole product line. In this case that’s over $250K. I wanted to have my land-line removed from my service and was told I could do that, but my bill would increase. That’s what we’re facing with Trapeze.

Every one of the people I’ve spoken with who rely on Sun Van understands that it’s a service that’s expensive to the City. They respect and appreciate that. My issue is that if there is software available that will make the service one that really adds a level of dignity to what we’re offering, we should enlist our team members at Sun Tran and Trapeze and make that happen. And it should not take nearly a year, and it should not cost a quarter of a million dollars to let someone locate their van – on their own phone. This conversation will begin well ahead of the April conference. 

Maybe there’s a bit of irony in the name of the TDOT public event coming on February 5th. Move Tucson – Delivering Mobility Choices. The Trapeze folks should take note.

The event on the 5th will be the kick-off of a 15 month planning process intended to establish our transportation-related investment priorities. Call it our transportation master plan. In addition to hearing about the process from our planning staff, you’ll hear from keynote speaker Gabe Klein. He’s a former honcho at Zipcar, and has authored some forward thinking writing on transportation. 

The meeting will run from 5:30 until 7:30pm. The actual presentation doesn’t happen until 6:30. It will be held at the TEP building, 88 E. Broadway. I know Ward 6 residents will be heavily represented since this topic is understood to be an important one throughout midtown. It’d be great to see you there. 

Broadway Widening

If you’re headed down Broadway to get to the Move Tucson event, you may be rolling through the Sunshine Mile. Last week I participated in the ground breaking for the Broadway widening project. I may have been the most unlikely participant – and yet, the message I shared was a commentary on how the project is finally headed in a good direction. Not perfect, but certainly better than where it was going as it was described on the 2006 RTA ballot.

I’ll summarize 7 years of history into a short paragraph. Those of you who have been engaged will recognize much of what’s being left out. The RTA asked the voters to approve a 150’ wide, 8 lane roadway. It was one of about 35 roadway projects, along with another $2B worth of work contained in the 2006 ballot package. So it was approved. Many of us believed the $70+M being spent on the widening was not only unnecessary, but it was counter-productive. Eventually, a 6 lane alignment was approved by M&C. That’s what we broke ground on.

We also broke ground on the involvement of Rio Nuevo and the Project for Public Spaces (PPS) part in the project. That’s where I’m hoping this process serves as a template for future roadway projects in Tucson. Those groups are working with the community on 3 distinct ‘nodes’ along the Sunshine Mile. At each, the goal is to create a destination that respects local businesses, and is neighborhood scale/multi-modal approachable/commercial. For me, that’s what we really broke ground on. 

The utility work is about to begin. The final roadway portion of the project is planned to be done in 2022. Rio and PPS are at work now. I join them in hoping their part in the project will finish ahead of, or around the same time, as the roadwork is done. 

As I did at the ground breaking event, I thank all of the community members who worked to get us off the 150’ project, and who supported the effort to transform this project into what it is today. I know it was hundreds of hours invested. As we all said during that process, the results will last a lifetime.


Yes, escooters fall under the umbrella of these transportation-related items. They’re not a mode that I support in the way they’re being inflicted on the City, but since M&C have forced the 6 month pilot project to run its course, I’m working to make the best of it while it’s still a local issue.

One way I’m doing that is by making helmets available for free to anyone who’d like to come by the Ward 6 office to grab one. Bird has told me they’d get me some this week. Do I think making them available will make a difference in riders like these ladies?

Unlikely. Note that they’re both on the sidewalk, and not wearing helmets. Durham has said if people don’t start wearing helmets, he’d consider joining me in asking to have the program ended. I’m going to make them available so at the end of the pilot program nobody is in a position to suggest that I didn’t make an effort. Razor said they’d also make them available, but I haven’t heard a peep from them since the last study session in which this was discussed. Give us a call late next week to make sure we’ve got one for you before coming to the office.

Another way I’m supporting efforts to make this work is joining the 4th Avenue Merchants Association in agreeing to setting aside several marked spots around the Avenue for scooter parking. There are about 20 that are being marked in what are either remnant areas on the street, or out-of-the-way locations on the sidewalk.

Just as I’m not convinced the helmet-less ladies shown in the photo will be stopping by to get a helmet, I’m also not believing most riders will seek out a marked spot. Instead, it’ll likely continue to be this:

The pilot program ends in March. 

Bottle Crusher

The next time you come in the front entry at the Ward 6 office, you’ll be walking on glass. More accurately, the concrete that was mixed to replace our cracked and broken slabs was mixed with 75 gallons of the sand I created by crushing the bottles many of you have been bringing to us. It is one example of the secondary market we can create locally by taking the glass crushing from the scale I’ve been doing it to a commercial scale, with a commercial scale glass crusher.

I’ve shared the background on this in previous newsletters. We lose about $500k annually by recycling glass. The international market is under water, so we sell what we collect at a loss. Much of it ends up in the landfill. There’s a better way.

Sand is in big demand internationally. We buy sand locally to do things such as what you see in the pictures of the W6 entryway. We also buy sand one-step-removed every time we buy asphalt from our supplier. In that case, we buy asphalt pre-mixed. The cost of the sand is built into the overall cost of the asphalt. Nothing’s for nothing. I’ve asked our TDOT people to talk to our suppliers to see how we can reduce our asphalt costs by providing the sand. And that sand would come from crushing glass.

Look around the room you’re sitting in. The walls may be made of block, or of sheetrock. Sand is a component used in laying block, and in making sheetrock. I’m not suggesting the City become a manufacturer, but we already have suppliers whose costs have sand as a component. We could be a supplier of that sand. We also have land out on the Sonoran Corridor that is perfectly situated for attracting manufacturing plants who could take our recycled glass and produce commodities for us and our suppliers to use. We don’t have to become the manufacturer in order to support that new, local secondary market that would ultimately benefit us financially. And environmentally – keep the glass out of the landfill.

Each monsoon we give away about 2,000 sandbags full of sand the City has purchased from the quarry. In last week’s newsletter, I shared the picture of the sandbag filler we now have in the W6 garage. Using the crushed glass in the sandbags simply saves the cost we’re paying to give the stuff away to you. 

That’s me, Richard, Alan Norville and the chef at the new Copper Rock lounge in the Doubletree on Alvernon. We cut the ribbon on the place, and during the event I asked their G.M. if they’d donate bottles. Without hesitation, they’re on board.

Continue bringing me your empties. I’m in regular communication with City staff who is supportive of our advancing this idea. Until it moves to that commercial scale, I’ll be spending a little extra time filling 5 gallon buckets and sending it off to City departments to use, possibly on projects in your own neighborhood.

Utility Items

Above I had a few transportation-related items. Now a few utility-related items. One on communications, one on electricity, and one on water

Federal Communications Commission Forum

Late last year, I gave you a head’s up that this forum was coming – it’s here now, and you may want to come and take part. The FCC is hosting what they’re calling a ‘consumer education forum.’ Actually, we’re hosting it here at the W6 office. The forum is coming on Tuesday, January 28th and will begin at 6pm.

You may have FCC-related questions you’d like to ask. Their officials will be presenting on the number of illegal robocalls you receive at home, scam calls and how to identify them, some issues related to changes coming in the television broadcast industry that may affect shows you watch, and how you can best weigh in on the TV changes. 

The forum is free – FCC folks will be ready to take your communications questions. You do not need to register. Just show up. You can get a sneak preview of what this is about by going to their website at /

TEP Substation

Ok, now onto electricity. I know many of you have participated in the ongoing public outreach TEP is conducting related to their upgrading the TEP substations, largely around the UA campus. In fact, the need to upgrade is being driven to some degree by the recent expansion of Banner UMC, and by other UA expansion. 

This map shows the 3 power substations that will need to be connected. Two are existing, and the one by the UA is proposed. The black line on the map is the study area being considered for connecting the sites. No decisions have been made about where the new poles will go. That’s what the outreach TEP has been doing is all about. They’re gaining input that they’ll roll up in a presentation that will ultimately be given to the Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC). 

TEP is evaluating the various options for how to route the new transmission lines. In doing so, they’re considering where the energy loads exist, project costs for the various routes, and the built environment that will be impacted by the construction of the new poles and substation. 

The lines will cut across both private property, and will use Right of Way within the City. The poles are projected to be between 75’ and 110’ tall. Taller at major road crossings. TEP has to get what’s called a Certificate of Environmental Compatibility (CEC) before construction can begin. The CEC comes from the Arizona Power Plant and Transmission Line Siting Committee. That group will consider comments that are being gathered right now. If that Committee grants the CEC, the proposed alignment goes to the ACC for final approval. They hope to have the line in service by 2022.

The City plays a role in this – but the final approval comes from the State. In order to have this entire process fully described, I’ve asked for an open study session on the topic. There is a Special Exception approval TEP needs to gain from the City. It’s the right to do what they’re after in areas that may have use restrictions in the existing zoning. I’ve asked for three main things in the study session:

a)    TEP will describe their part in the process
b)    City staff to describe the Special Exception process
c)    How the City role and that of the State play off from one another

The study session will be on March 3rd.  Come on down to Council Chambers and listen in. I know there’s a lot of interest, and a lot of questions about exactly what role the City can play in the decisions before they get to the ACC for approval.

Water Security

I write a lot about the water contamination we’re wrestling with, mainly out by DM and the Air Guard training facility by the airport. I believe it’s the most important issue we have to face as a region. In fact, it’s one of the most important issues we have to face at the Federal level. PFC water contamination is finally reaching the feds in a way that may actually end up with funds headed to us to remediate the pollution caused by the military and the State Air National guard.

This guy’s this week’s star of the show. Even with his name plate in front of him, I’d be surprised if you can identify him. 

Daryl Roberts is DuPont’s chief operations and engineering officer. This is a picture of him testifying before Congress late last year. For years, the chemical lobby has been making the rounds at Congressional offices pitching the myth that firefighting foams that don’t contain their PFAS pollutants cannot put out forest fires. Mr. Roberts’ company is, of course, a large player in that lobby effort. They make the stuff. It’s interesting that during his testimony, Daryl announced that Dupont will eliminate the purchase of all firefighting foams that contain PFAS at its chemical plants by the end of next year. Either they plan on having no more fires at their plants, or they’ve found products that indeed can fight those kinds of fires without contaminating groundwater.

I’ve written a few times about fluorine free foams (3F) that are used all around the world to fight jet fuel fires, and chemical fires. I’ve asked for a local ordinance banning the use of PFAS containing foams. We have options. Our groundwater deserves that we do this, and our fire fighters deserve to not have to work with hazardous contaminants. DuPont finally joined that chorus. Roberts is quoted as having said under oath “We have a generation of firefighting foams that we’re comfortable for our uses can be used to replace PFAS chemicals.” Tucson needs to lead the way on that – well ahead of the end of next year.

I took this information from a report by Safer Chemicals – an edition published in September of last year. 

Fluorine-Free Foams

For example, the Danish Royal Airforce moved to fluorine-free foams several years ago, and reports the “fluorine-free foam works flawlessly.” Major airports around the world have switched, including Charles de Gaulle (Paris), Copenhagen, Dubai, Heathrow (London), Stuttgart, Brussels, and others. Heathrow’s fire chief reports: “Since purchasing our fluorine-free foam, we have used it on two separate aircraft fires (an A321 and a 787) and it worked perfectly.” (Sept 12, 2019, PFAS-free firefighting foams are safer and effective for military use,

DuPont knows the stuff is toxic. When I asked at the recent study session to adopt a local ordinance banning the use and disposal of PFAS containing foams within City limits, one reason I was told we may not be able to do that is there’s a Federal Spec on the purchase of foams that mandate they include PFAS. But I found this in the Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization Act of 2018:

So even the Feds have put into law that the cabal mandating the use of fluorinated foams is being broken up by the end of next year. There are also provisions that allow airports to seek an immediate exemption. SeaTac and Boston Logan are already doing that.

Our litigation against 3M is moving forward. We’re also engaged regularly with DM about the contamination they’ve caused out by the base. Some testing of private wells in midtown have shown the DM plume hasn’t migrated to the central well field yet and now is the time to make sure that it does not. I mentioned last week that some migration of PFAS took place out to the far west side. We received a report from Tucson Water that they’ve successfully addressed that situation and the drinking water out west is once again showing non-detect levels. Our Tucson Water staff jumps on this stuff and takes care of the issues. It’d be wonderful if the DOD and the State did the same.

I’ll close this water piece with this. I shared a Be Kind a few weeks ago in which I wrote about the fires they’re experiencing in Australia. Unfortunately, the fires continue to burn. I ran across this new concern – one that had not occurred to me when I was writing about the animals, and people doing the relief work. 

The Sydney, Australia paper had an article last week reporting that they’re now worried about how the use of the fire retardants may be affecting their own water systems. The article said the retardants are ‘not believed to be harmful to humans or mammals,’ but they’ve found multiple fish killed in waterways that have had the chemicals dropped in and around them. 

In addition to the fish kills, they’re finding blue-green algal blooms when retardants are used near to waterways. According to the article, that algae is a type of bacteria that can form toxic scums and make the water unsuitable for drinking, or for agriculture. I checked what our own EPA has to say about algae blooms and easily found this:

The Aussies have a problem on their hands. The fires are ruining their ecosystem and is killing animals. The fire retardant, if dropped near to a waterway, may do the same. One anecdote I took from the article – the Phos-Chek brand of retardant is pioneered by chemical giant Monsanto, if that gives you any level of comfort on behalf of the Australians.

How would you like to be these people with retardant showering down on them? It’s a part of the fire story we haven’t seen reported in our media. But it ties in with chemicals and water contamination. Remember this next monsoon season when we see it being used to contain our own forest fires. Then it becomes a local issue.

Puppy Mills

The FAA Bill I referenced up above is thousands of pages long. In Phoenix last week, a Bill was introduced that if adopted and signed by Ducey, will return to us the ability to do our part in eliminating puppy mills. Here is that Bill in its entirety:

A few years ago, I had asked the M&C to adopt a local ordinance that would have forced retail stores selling dogs to source them from local rescues and shelters. We were ready to go, except the owner of a local shopping center sued in Phoenix (also considering a puppy mill ordinance), and went straight to the State Legislature to stop us from acting. A Bill was passed that pre-empted our local effort. That Bill is still on the books. HB2531 would repeal it.

The Arizona Animal Welfare League (AAWL) is the State’s oldest and largest no-kill shelter. They’ve helped rescue and adopt out hundreds of puppy mill dogs. In December they rescued 18 dogs from a mill that had them in cages so small the dogs couldn’t move around. They were kept in those cages for years, not receiving medical attention they needed. Mills are breeding sites that use the animals as a commodity. They serve as a source for retail stores that sell puppies.

AAWL is working with Representative Amish Shah on his Bill. If it is adopted and signed, I will be bringing back to M&C the ordinance we were ready to adopt back in ’16, before the State pre-empted the effort.

More on this to come. For now I’ll leave you with a few of photos that were taken at a Puppy Mill bust that took place in Georgia. It’s this sort of condition that the retailers and some at the State Legislature are trying to protect from our local ordinance.

Many of us locally believe these little guys should not be subjected to the conditions Mills put them through. The retailers who fought to continue their own ability to source their “product” from Mills do not deserve your business.

5th & Craycroft Neighborhood Coalition

The Alvernon-Grant Initiative (AGI) was formed over a decade ago for the purpose of bringing several neighborhoods in that area together to work with police and local businesses and clean up what was then a meth problem. Having been successful in that, they decided to stay together and work on other criminal activity they saw. The model has been a great way for neighbors to stay in direct touch with local law enforcement and share what they’re seeing – more eyes and ears for TPD. Coming on Thursday, February 13th, we’re replicating the model by bringing some neighborhoods in the 5th/Craycroft area together. We anticipate having businesses and some non-profits who operate around there also participate.

The meeting will take place at the TPD Hardesty substation located at the corner of Alvernon and 22nd. It’ll run from 6pm until 7pm. The TPD officers who patrol the area will moderate the meeting. As is true of the AGI meetings, we’re hoping there’s enough interest that the 5th/Craycroft Coalition will meet on a monthly basis. We’ve targeted the 2nd Thursday of every month. If you live or work around that general area, please feel free to join us. Give us a call here at the W6 office if you’d like more information on either this group, or AGI.


Steve Kozachik
Council Member, Ward 6

City of Tucson Services

The City of Tucson incorporated our 'city services cheat sheet' onto their main page. If you click "I Want To" on the city website (where you're reading this) you'll find information on many city resources, from contact numbers and emails for environmental services, water, how to report graffiti, codes, and more. We will continue to work with IT to keep this section updated, and the google doc distributed will no longer be updated as things change.  You are completely still welcome to contact us directly at the Ward office if you’d like some help navigating the system.

Events and Entertainment

Thursday, January 24 - 26, 09:00 AM to 01:00 PM
Citrus Jubilee at the Farmers Market

Pucker up and celebrate the citrus season! This year our local oranges, grapefruits, lemons, tangelos and kumquats are flourishing on the trees. At Heirloom Farmers Markets, we're excited to highlight this fresh and zesty fruit with its own Citrus Jubilee weekend! Join us at Heirloom Farmers Markets - Udall Park market from 9 .am. - 1 p.m. for live music, locally grown citrus and citrus food specialties and deals. Visit for more information. 

Friday, January 25, 11:00 AM to 03:00 PM
Chinese New Year: Year of the Rat Celebration

The Tucson Chinese Cultural Center celebrates the New Year - "The Year of the Rat"  -  a fun-filled day with a special program that includes authentic Chinese foods, arts and crafts for sale and games for kids.  This is a family friendly event. 

January 30, 2020 - February 2, 2020
82nd Annual Tohono O'odham Nation Rodeo & Fair

Bring the entire family and join us in sharing our culture by participating in our social round dancing, a variety of music entertainment will hit the main stage daily including the ever so popular Waila Bands, traditional food sampling along the food court vendors alley, arts & crafts, and exhibit booths for the leisure visitor. Join us along Sells Main Street on February 1 to view more than 100 colorful parade floats themed “Si has ha ‘elid hegam mo wud m-qewkdag” (“Honoring the people who inspire us”). Come out to support the women’s and young women’s “Toka Tournament” as they celebrate 30 years as part of the Annual Rodeo and Fair. The Ha’a Race will also take place for women ages 50 and up. The All Indian Pow-Wow contest is a crowd favorite, come watch as Pow-Wow contestants from all over the country compete for cash prizes in junior, adult and senior divisions. The All-Indian Rodeo Competition is what began the Annual Rodeo and Fair Celebration in 1939, come and support your Indian Rodeo Contestant in the Masters Division, Jr. Rodeo Division, and All Indian Rodeo (Open Show) Division. This year has been added with an All Indian Womens Rodeo! There are sure to be top notch Indian National Rodeo Finalists and National Finals Rodeo Finalists stopping in to compete for the Coveted All-Around Champion Title. The Wild Horse Race is also an exciting and popular event, along with the O’odham Wapkial Team Roping which is an event for the members of the four O’odham Tribes, Tohono O’odham, Gila River Indian Community, Ak-chin Indian Community and the Salt River Indian Community. Visit for more information.