Steve K's Newsletter 07/01/19

Topics in this issue...

Be Kind 

That is Julia Hawkins. She just completed both the 50 and 100-meter runs in the National Senior Games held in Albuquerque. So what? She is 103 years young.

This Be Kind is for all the supporters she has in her life, and for Julia herself for setting such a great example for the rest of us. Her life advice? “Look for magic moments such as sunsets, sunrises, rainbows, beautiful birds, music and people’s lovely comments.”


These little critters do not have names. At least none of the workers out at the Tucson Wildlife Center are aware of any. That is because the animals are under their care only while being rehabilitated – then they are released back into a safe natural environment.

Each of the little guys in these pictures is under two months old. One of the rubs between the TWC and Game and Fish is that the State sometimes wants them released into areas in which hunting is allowed. This Be Kind is for all of the 180 volunteers and other staffers at TWC who hold firm on releasing into safe areas, and giving the critters a fighting chance. Thanks to Angeline and Kim for the great tour they gave Crystal, her son Emmett, Melissa, and myself last week.

Speaking of animal lovers, last week was the 3rd anniversary of the closing of Tucson Greyhound Park (TGP). Sadly the memory of that did not translate into a “no” vote on allowing a license for a new gambling spa on a sport that treats animals like a commodity. However, this Be Kind is for the group shown in the photo celebrating the long-fought-for victory we achieved when TGP stopped their abusive gaming. Each of the ladies in the photo continues their work in animal welfare for this community.

4th of July and Critters

On the heels of those two animal items, and with the 4th of July  right around the corner, I have this reminder. Typically the 4th means family outings ending in fireworks late in the evening. The little roadside stands have popped up and people are out buying their firecrackers and such. I would like us all to keep in mind the impact fireworks have on our pets, and on some of our veterans who may be suffering PTSD. For them, they are not simply fun explosions happening up in the sky.

I am as guilty as anyone for not being proactive in the past and understanding these other impacts. I should be more attuned since I lost a dog once who jumped our fence and died from exposure – she jumped the fence on July 4th as a result of fireworks happening in our neighborhood. The friend who was housesitting at the time forgot to bring her in when the fireworks began.

There are products on the market that give the displays in the sky that people ooh and aah about, but without the boom. I would support the City of Tucson leading by example with our A Mountain show using silent fireworks – still showing this, but without the sound effects that negatively impact our vets and our pets.

Please consider this 4th , that your fun may be at the expense of others in a serious way. Celebrate safely, and considerately.

Water Security

There is an agency called the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences. It is an agency in the federal government that studies a wide range of health-related topics including things like genomes, stem cell research, and hazardous substances. At a conference they held last month, their Director Linda Birnbaum spoke about their research into the whole PFAS issue. That is the series of contaminants that we are litigating against 3M and others over. And that Davis-Monthan has washed into our soil over the years. I have asked our legal team to make sure the report findings are placed into the record when we litigate.

First, to establish their credentials, this is the organizational chart for the NIEHS. They are connected in the federal scheme of things.

The organizational chart is really for just one of their programs; the National Toxicoilogy Program. It is through that program the PFAS study was conducted.

By way of quick review, until 2016 the EPA held a health advisory level for PFAS of 400 parts per trillion. In 2016 they lowered that to 70 parts per trillion. Last year another toxicology study suggested the safe level for the stuff should be lowered to 18 parts per trillion. The EPA has not complied and is holding firm for now at 70ppt. I have reported to you plenty of times in the past that Tucson Water, believing science, holds us to the 18ppt level. If we find through testing that a well is at or above that level, we shut down the well.

So what about the new NIEHS and National Tocicology Program testing and recommendations? This is the headline from an article I read that was in The Intercept last week:

Do the math. They are not suggesting a safe level is anywhere close to 70 ppt. The report says the threshold for PFOA in drinking water should be lowered to 0.1 part per trillion. That is about non-detectable. It is 700x below what the EPA says, and even at that, all the EPA is saying is that 70 ppt is where people should take precautions. I shared with you last week that Congress is finally considering establishing the whole family of PFCs to be hazardous substances, kickstarting Superfund dollars to help in cleaning up sites. We have got several.

The new NIEHS study confirms links between PFOA and various kinds of cancer, including kidney, pancreatic and testicular. Among other diseases. The compounds do not simply dissolve over time, and they travel through water systems. That is why in science circles they are called ‘forever chemicals’. That is ‘science circles’, not the EPA. The current NIEHS study is being subjected to external peer review. I asked that our legal team subpoena it and include it with our legal case. I am told that until it is released, we cannot get our hands on it. However, our team is in touch with Linda, and we will certainly raise the issue of the study on ‘science day’ when the judge hearing our case gets educated on PFC contamination. That should take place shortly after the end of summer this year. The report is expected to be released later this year as well.

Other States have adopted their own legal standards for PFC contamination that are even lower than the 18ppt. In March, California regulators set interim safety levels at 14 ppt for PFOA, and 13 for PFOS.  New Jersey did the same. The wells we tested out by Davis-Monthan were above 3200 in one case, and just under 150 ppt in another. They are shut down.

Here’s the statement Linda Birnbaum released at the recent conference in which the study was discussed:

Research is important, and it is meaningless if the EPA does not act on its results. And it is certainly going to be a part of our presentation when we finally get the product manufacturers into court. Tucson Water customers should not have to foot the bill for containing and cleaning the contaminants that other parties are responsible for. Whether the DOD is ever held accountable remains to be seen, but I specifically requested 3M and other product manufacturers be called to task for putting the stuff into the marketplace when they were taking actions internally that demonstrated their guilty knowledge of its toxicity. Now we have studies coming from the federal government science agencies validating what 3M knew decades ago.

I will continue hammering on this until we get the court decision. PFC contamination is a nationwide problem that is finally getting the attention in national media that it deserves.

More Local Water

This is a picture Diana took last week when my whole staff and I showed up for the release of water into the Santa Cruz. What I told Bud Foster was that while it is not exactly the San Antonio River Walk, it is a big deal due to the impact it will have on our ability to recharge our local aquifer.

We get a periodic report from our water folks. It includes how much water we have sold, stored and recharged. For example, the most recent report shows we have increased our potable water stored by over 60K acre feet since last year. We have been at a net positive position every year since I have served on the council. Right now we have over four years of water credits stored and on the books. We are a leader in water conservation both Statewide, and we set a high bar nationally.

A part of the credits are in our stored reclaimed water. That is what is going into the Santa Cruz right now. We will add about 3,000 acre feet of effluent to the waterway each year under this new program. State law allows us to claim credit for a portion of what percolates into the aquifer. Prior to the Drought Contingency Plan that was just adopted, we got credit for 50% of what we put into the ground. That made no sense, but it was State law. Through the recent DCP negotiations, that amount was increased to 95%. That means we will be credited with 95% of the amount of water we are placing into the Santa Cruz. The credits allow us to pump that same amount of groundwater from a different part of our aquifer, or we can sell the credits to another jurisdiction. That jurisdiction will then be allowed to pump when they run short of groundwater. The whole water banking system is complex, but the bottom line is that the change in law means the vast majority of the water you will now see in the Santa Cruz is ours to use in some fashion, depending on our needs (water, or money).

This chart shows how we are doing in terms of storing effluent.

Our usage last year was just over 11,000 acre feet. Our total supply was about 21,000 acre feet. With the new 95% credit agreement, our supply is going to increase much more quickly than it had been, and it makes the timing of the Santa Cruz release perfect.

There is a relationship between our demand for potable water and how much effluent we produce. As you buy less potable water to say wash your dishes, we also therefore get less effluent. We are using less and less potable water every year. That is due to conservation efforts, and more efficient fixtures around your house. The Santa Cruz is a managed effluent project. It is another example of forward thinking water policy that is taking place here at the local level. All of the smart people and Tucson Water engineers who worked on the project deserve thanks for both the aesthetic impact, and for the longer term impact to our secure water future.

E-Scooters and Water

This is a picture of about 50 e-scooters the sheriff’s office in Oregon pulled out of the Willamette River in downtown Portland last week. We will not have enough water in the Santa Cruz from our new recharge project to hide 50 e-scooters, but just in case I will share the wisdom that came from their Sergeant Brandon White last week related to the Portland scooters. When asked for comment, he said he was not sure who dumped the scooters in the river, or why (it does not take a huge imagination to conclude the ‘why’ was not because people are big fans of the scoots). Mr. White said, “We advise those people not to park scooters in the River.” You have gotta appreciate his irony.

We were told last week that our own e-scooter program is not going to begin until sometime in August. A couple of weeks ago I shared a story on another fatality associated with the driver of a scooter. Now this new one:

In the Nashville case, the scooter operator had a blood alcohol content of more than two times the legal limit. I am sure none of the Tucson scooter riders will have that issue. The fact that they will end up in our entertainment district should not lead anyone to conclude there will be drinking associated with scooter rentals. Of course not…

The Nashville mayor is quoted as having said, “We’ve seen the public safety and accessibility costs that these devices inflict, and it’s not fair to our residents for this to continue.” Of course, he is right.

In Indianapolis, they are wrestling with parking issues related to the scooters. One of the area resource managers who is dealing with the mess says, “When they drop them off, they’re lying there sideways and someone has to either pick them up, or step over them.” Tucson will not have that problem, either, right?

Coming in August – all the fun and clutter other cities are now experiencing with their own e-scooter programs.

Parking Meters

There has been a pretty widespread outreach focused in and around downtown related to what we are going to do with charges and hours associated with parking meters, and there has been misunderstanding about what public process remains before any changes are put into effect. We do not slide changes in policy through during our budget process. No meter cost or time policy changes have yet been adopted.

What is being considered is called ‘Demand-Based Pricing’. Before anything is adopted, there will be a Mayor & Council study session on the matter. That has not yet been scheduled.

The idea is to set parking meter rates in such a way that there is reasonable turnover at the parking spaces outside of businesses, and to price them in a way that helps to drive parking into nearby garages. The areas under study are downtown, 4th Avenue and the Main Gate District. Staff acknowledges that each of those areas has unique challenges and opportunities, so it is unlikely we will be asked to adopt a uniform set of policies that apply equally to each. For example, this is a map that was presented to downtown merchants. Each of the colored areas has a different rate per hour being proposed, and differing times of day those rates would be applied. The calculation is on how close convenient parking garages are, and the history of when cars have used on-street spaces. Park Tucson has that data.

The concept of demand based parking charges looks for a sweet spot in which at any given time parking spaces on the street are 85% occupied. Underprice the meters and people will camp and businesses will not have easy access for their customers. Overprice and it is a disincentive for anyone to shop in the area. By charging more for on-street vs. garage parking reflects the added convenience of being right in front of the business you are shopping at.

Our Park Tucson Commission recommends that we implement the demand-based approach. The discussion is how it will be implemented in the three primary shopping Districts under study: Downtown, 4th Avenue, and Main Gate. Right now what is being discussed is charging for metered parking and extending the times of day we enforce in some parts of the Districts; also enforcing seven days per week in certain areas; and changing the rates we are charging, to help achieve the 85% occupancy and suitable turnover. We are listening to input and will try to find a balance. There are differences of opinion from one business operator to another, and from one District to another.

The public conversation will continue. No deals have been struck, and no final policy changes have been adopted. I suspect at the end of this process we will have made some adjustments. What those are has yet to be determined.

Changes we can all agree on – Reid Park Play Equipment

Thanks to you all who supported the Prop 407 parks bonds; changes are in the works in parks all over the City. One of the most significant projects is this new playground that is going in out at Reid Park. It is a work in progress right now, but before we hit the real hot temps this summer, it will be ready for your kids to use.

It is worth reminding everyone, from time to time, how the new half-cent investment is being used to upgrade our City park infrastructure. You can use the on-line tool to track any of the projects, parks or connectivity elements in the 407 package by going to The 407 site is right on the main page with links to every project that was just approved by the voters.

We at Ward 6 are grateful to the Parks folks,  and to our I.T. folks who have worked so hard in getting the online site up and running. It is updated all the time, so the information you find on it is going to be current.

Local First

Above, I wrote about the parking meter conversation we are having. One of the Districts included in that is the Main Gate Square. They are this week’s Local Tucson item.

Geronimo Plaza is the cool open space right at University and Euclid. All summer, they are hosting free concerts – each one starts at 7:30pm on Fridays. It is their Friday night live summer Jazz series. Here are the next few shows you can take in:

  • This Friday, July 5th – “What’s the Big Idea” is contemporary jazz, but they also play some Green Day and Pink Floyd.
  • Friday, July 19th – “The Mufulettas” play New Orleans jazz. Some would say that it is ‘pure jazz’. The band plays tunes from the ‘60s through the ‘80s.
  • Friday, August 2nd – “Little House of Funk” is R&B, Soul, and Funk Rock. If you go to this one, plan on dancing.

There is no charge for the music and entertainment, and you can get your Tyndall parking garage ticket validated – speaking of parking issues. This one is on-the-Main Gate-house.

Refugee Families and the Monastery

Last Thursday, Congress agreed on some humanitarian funding related to migrant care along the border. You have likely seen the image of the man and his 2-year-old child who died crossing the Rio Grande. I am not going to show it again here. Last week I shared stories we hear from the refugee families housed at the monastery. They are the same as we hear at the other satellite centers that are scattered around town. The funding Congress voted on has not arrived yet, and if any of it ends up here, it comes far too late for far too many people.

Last week the bodies of four more people, two adults and two children, were found in the desert outside of El Paso. Then there is the 6-year-old girl found dead about 150 miles SW of Tucson.  I am sure you have also seen the images of people of all ages detained in federal facilities in conditions the Pima Animal Care Center could not get away with for animals. Nor would they want to.

In New York, art speaking truth to power began sprouting up on street corners. There were 24 of these sculptures around the City, each speaking to the horrendous conditions of children warehoused along the border.

These sculptures are small cages with what appear to be children lying under foil blankets – like what is provided on the border – with audio of real children crying. The exhibit was organized by RAICES, a Texas-based non-profit that provides legal assistance for immigrants. I mention it here, ahead of this week’s 4th of July event we will be hosting at the Benedictine. The cages do not reflect the values on which our country was formed.

Last Friday evening, I joined Caroline Ragone in the fundraiser we put on at the monastery, sharing a couple of hours of music in support of the work done at that facility. This community stepped up and donated over $800 that night. Thank you!

Being able to share the music was fun. Our own Caroline baked a Thank You cake for Ross and his wife Lisa for having opened up their space to the refugees.

In the midst of all the ugly national news related to the refugee issue, Tucson stands as a bright spot.


We will celebrate these values this week:

The speakers I have lined up to join in the event include Teresa Cavendish from Catholic Community Services, Sister Joan (who is flying back from Missouri to take part), Mahmoud Obagi from the Islamic Center of Tucson, and Rabbi Batsheeva Appel from Tempel Emanu-El. Also included is Winona Smith from the Bahai community, Sat Bir from the Sikh community, Gretchen Lokey from the Inn Project, Bailey Pickens from St. Marks’ ‘hotel San Marcos,’ and a volunteer I will be ‘volunteering’ to speak on the day of the event.

I toured another possible replacement facility last Thursday with Ann. No matter where we end up moving the Catholic Community Services operation to, it will still be volunteer-driven because that is where the heart of this community is truly shown. It will not be the Benedictine. That facility is one-of-a-kind. However, the service rendered to the refugee families is not about the facility. It is about us as a community and the values we stand to uphold. Please join us on Thursday, July 4th at 5pm as we celebrate the work going on in respect of the refugees as we wind down our days at the monastery.

Refugee Art – The Art of Asylum

Remember that throughout the month of July, we will be hosting the Art of Asylum in the Ward 6 community room. It is the art created by the refugee children while Val James has been running their art program upstairs at the monastery. If I have given you a tour of the facility, you know the room. Coincidentally, it used to be the nuns’ sewing room, so there is a creative spirit that still lingers in the space.

Since we started working with Central American refugees in 2014, all of our volunteers have noticed the creative instincts the kids have expressed. Regardless of the conditions they are coming from, they are kids. At the Benedictine, they draw during all of their ‘wait times’ – during intake, waiting for meals, and twice weekly up in the art room under the guidance of Val and her co-artist volunteers. During July, the fruit of all that work will be on display here at Ward 6.

On Friday, July 12th at 6pm, we are doing the formal opening of the exhibit. Val will speak to the Art of Asylum and share the kids’ stories. I know adults are also often up in the art room doing needlepoint – you will hear about that as well. Here is the flyer for the event. Come and see what these kids have produced when told to ‘draw what you love.’

Emerge Center for Domestic Abuse

Last month was Pride Month. There were proclamations and events all over the country during June. I suspect many of you saw the tributes run in commemoration of the Stonewall Inn raid. I wish it were true that we have moved beyond all of that, but it was just three years ago on June 12th that 49 people were killed in the Pulse nightclub over the same bigoted issue.

To put Stonewall into context, Time Magazine published an essay in January 1966 titled “The Homosexual in America.” The article contained some comments that reflected mainstream attitudes towards gays. Even Time bought into the 1966 consensus that being gay resulted from “a disabling fear of the opposite sex” and that it was “a pathetic little second-rate substitute for a meaningful life” and a “pernicious sickness.” In 1966, we were fighting the civil rights fight, but the LGBT community was clearly not included. Today we still see efforts to force people through ‘conversion therapy.’

I was particularly touched by the report issued by Emerge last month on the issue of domestic abuse within the gay community. I was a bit shamed by the fact that what is now obvious had never occurred to me. That is, DV is not uncommon within the gay community, and it is widely under-reported. Why? Because the abuser has the threat of ‘outing’ his/her partner to that person’s family and friends if the victim turns the abuser in to authorities. With the bigotry that still exists on this issue, that threat is one that results in victims being unable to access services they otherwise could. Additionally, in those States where same-sex parents are not allowed to adopt, the victim may be left with few, if any legal options for adoption (or custody) if they do leave the relationship.

People deserve to be safe in their relationships. When that is not the case, they deserve access to services to help overcome the impacts of domestic abuse. Emerge is leading by example in the City – please jot down the Emerge Hotline (795.4266) and share it with your friends and family members who may be in abusive relationships and in need of some assistance.

Puppy Eyes

I started with some critter stories – if you read this newsletter much, you know I am an animal lover. So…here is another story that has no particular Ward 6 focus, unless you just love dogs and want to test the ‘eyebrow raise’ test on some you see wandering around midtown.

The sad eye, guilt inducing look puppies give is not your imagination.

Scientists sometimes study some pretty arcane things – so yes, they have now studied that ‘look’ and have even given it a serious label – “AU101: inner eyebrow raise.” A group reported last month at the National Academy of Sciences that dogs make that face because they have evolved a specific muscle that helps them raise their eyebrows. Thank evolution for your guilt.

For example – watch this video, and take particular note of his eyebrows at about the 15-second mark in the scene. That is where he is heading for your heartstrings.

One way humans and other animals communicate is by looking at each other. Dogs move their faces. Cats do not. Sorry cat fans, but they just sit there and stare you down. Because of AU101, your puppy can make many more facial expressions than the kitty that just tore up your yarn ball. In fact, speaking as an unashamed puppy lover, about all your kitty can do that the pup is not interested in is chasing after these guys.

With mice and pack rats in mind, it is important to realize that if you have an infestation, laying out rat poison may end up increasing the number you have, and the magnitude of the problem. Here is why.

Rats are nocturnal feeders. They hide during the day and eat at night. Poisoned rat bait is food. It attracts rats, and it is generally slow acting. During the week or so that it takes to kill them, they become more vulnerable to predators. Bobcats, Cooper’s Harris and Red-tailed Hawks can more easily find the sickened rats and suffer secondary poisoning from eating them. Sorry this is gross, but if you do not like rats around your house, you should know this.

In Arizona, rodents account for about 80% of the daily diet for owls and hawks. Owls can eat a rat per day. They live for over 25 years. If you inadvertently poison an owl, that is a lot of rats you have just saved.

There are non-lethal traps – and lethal traps – but laying out poison is a great way to add to the problem you are trying to alleviate. Moreover, it will reduce the number of the raptors many of us enjoy seeing around the neighborhood.

Let kitty do his thing with the rats and mice, and let the puppy gaze up at you and make you feel guilty for having placed rat poison out within his reach.

TEP Work

Last week, TEP sent out notices for some upcoming work. Mark it down if you travel on the Sunshine Mile, and over in the Speedway/Country Club area.

The utility work along the Sunshine Mile will start this week. It is in anticipation of the road widening and land use changes we are going to see coming over the next year or so. TEP will be relocating four poles between Euclid and Campbell. The work will run from now until the middle of July. They will then jump to the section between Campbell and Country Club. That portion of the work will run until mid-August. There will be plenty of traffic control devices in the area throughout the work.

Over in the Speedway/Country Club area they are replacing a substation. That station is located just north of Speedway. While the relocation is taking place, a temporary substation will be in use. That will be located a bit further north on Country Club. This map shows the locations.

All of this work will start in August and will continue through April of next year. If you have questions about the work, please contact TEP directly through Renee Darling by emailing at, or by calling 884.3642.


Last week, the UA community relations office shared some information on a tool that can help people prevent eviction from their homes. The UA Law School in collaboration with BYU developed the tool, called Hello Landlord. It is a user-friendly on-line program.

In 2016 there were over 2 million people evicted from their homes. The vast majority of those tenants do not even bother showing up for their eviction proceedings in court. Hello Landlord may help prevent that process by assisting tenants with writing letters to landlords. The message of the letter is to indicate a willingness to work with landlords when paying the full amount of rent in a given month becomes a challenge. Landlords who do not feel they are just being blown off are much more apt to work with tenants than if they simply do not hear from them when rent is due. Trying the tool can certainly not do any harm.

The service is available free on-line in both English and in Spanish. If you need some time to pay your full rent, try it by going to It will walk you through the process of writing to your landlord, opening up communication that may help you stay in your home until you can get back on your financial feet.

Hats and Horse Racing

In my write up last week related to horse racing, I made the comment that the industry has a squeaky clean image of well-bred horses, partying on race day and ladies dressed up in some stupid looking hats. Well, something to that effect. This week, evidence of at least the hat portion.

These images are all from a day-of-the-race gallery. They were taken at various horse races that were conducted around the world. I have a feeling my bride might like the one with the shoes on the head, but I would have a tough time sitting with her at the same table if she wore it when we went out to dinner. I will work through that on the home front, but wanted to back up the claim I made last week.

I was as equally right about that as I was in my comments related to the fatality rate that is going unaddressed at horse racing venues around the country. The only positive thing about the M&C having issued a license to show off track betting is even if you are losing money gambling, you may get a chuckle out of some of the ‘hat’ scenery if the camera pans the spectators.


Steve Kozachik
Council Member, Ward 6

Events & Entertainment


July 2 @ 11:00 am - 5:00 pm

Etherton Gallery celebrates the 100th anniversary of the Grand Canyon National Park with an exhibition featuring  the work of Pulitzer Prize winning photographer and environmental activist, Jack Dykinga, and a selection of vintage photographs of the Grand Canyon by William H. Bell, Ansel Adams, Lee Friedlander, Mark Klett and many others, demonstrating our enduring fascination with one of the truly great wonders of the world.  The show opens June 18 and runs through September 7, 2019. An opening reception and book signing will be held at 7-10pm, Saturday, June 22.


Tuesday, July 2nd, 11:30am-1:30pm – Federico Jacome 

The Downtown Tucson Partnership presents live local performances each Tuesday and Thursday in Jácome Plaza! Grab lunch from your favorite downtown spot, grab a friend or some coworkers and enjoy the free lunchtime tunes. 


July 2 @ 2:00 pm - 4:00 pm


Come to this workshop ready to work through a seven step process that will help small business owners create their business model. Registration Required.

Ongoing Events…

Arizona State Museum, 1013 E University Blvd |

Arizona Theater Company, 330 S Scott Ave |

Children's Museum Tucson, 200 S 6th Ave |

Fox Theatre, 17 W Congress St |

Hotel Congress, 311 E Congress St |

Jewish History Museum, 564 S Stone Ave |

Loft Cinema, 3233 E Speedway Blvd |

Main Gate Square,
Friday Night Live Summer Jazz Concert Series, Geronimo Plaza – 814 E University Blvd FREE ADMISSION, Fridays at 7:30pm, Validated parking in Tyndall Garage after 5pm |

Meet Me at Maynards, 311 E Congress St |
A social walk/run through the Downtown area. Every Monday, rain or shine, holidays too! Check-in begins at 5:15 pm.

Mission Garden, 946 W Mission Ln |
A living agricultural museum and ethnobotanical garden at the site of Tucson's Birthplace (the foot of "A-Mountain"). For guided tours call 520-955-5200

Raices Taller 222, 218 E. 6th St | Fridays and Saturdays from 1pm to 5pm |

Rialto Theatre, 318 E Congress St |

The Rogue Theatre, The Historic Y, 300 E University Blvd |

Southern Arizona Transportation Museum, 414 N Toole Ave |

Tucson Botanical Gardens, 2150 N Alvernon Way |

Tucson Convention Center, 260 S Church St |

Tucson Museum of Art, 140 N Main Ave |

UA Mineral Museum, 1601 E University Blvd |

Watershed Management Group, Living Lab 1137 N. Dodge Blvd. |

Yume Japanese Gardens of Tucson2130 North Alvernon Way |