Steve K's Newsletter 12/02/19

Topics in this Issue:

In the spirit of the season, I offer these thoughts to open this week. 2019 has been a year in which I’ve wrestled with loss in my own life, and I’ve seen several families close to me do the same. Tender thoughts go out to  Sarah who tragically lost a loved one over the weekend. In addition I’m remembering Flip and her brother, Mike and Cat, Diana and her partner, Mike and Pat, Brent and his family, Andy and his mom, Allison and her brother, Elaine and her mom, Toni and her mom, Lisa K. and her family, my own brother, Katy and her mom, two of my brothers in law, and Linda F. – and that’s just a group I know that’s dealing with stuff right now. I’m certain you have your own list of people who are going through some tough times.

A lady who purports to be in the business of ‘coaching’ people through those tough times recently said to me that she couldn’t afford to invest herself in a ‘friendship’ for someone who was going through a particularly dark time on a “pro bono” basis. She does not understand the meaning of the word ‘friendship.’ 

Many thanks to those of you who have taken a moment to touch the life of someone near to you – me, included. Don’t be that ‘coach.’ There are people all around you who can benefit from some pro bono friendship. Offer it. They’ll thank you. It doesn’t have to be the holiday season for that to be true.

Also in the spirit of the season, thanks are due to the hundreds of volunteers throughout the City who invested time serving those less fortunate on Thanksgiving Day. Churches and non-profits scattered throughout the City set aside time to serve meals on Thanksgiving. All who were involved in providing the food, serving, cleaning, arranging the events – every part of it deserves a Be Kind mention.

And one special group who deserved the outreach they received on Thanksgiving  were the over 200 veterans who were treated with Kindness by Lois Fritz and her volunteer staff. Lois started New Freedom Farm a few years ago back in Roanoke, Virginia. They do outreach to vets, many of whom are homeless. According to the Veteran’s Affairs Department, about a dozen vets commit suicide every day in this Country. Lois’ group extends a hand of Kindness to show them that someone does indeed care – pro bono. New Freedom Farm operates outreach on more than just Thanksgiving, but with the weather that’s hitting the east coast right now, this year’s holiday outreach was particularly meaningful.

Human Rights Campaign

Yet another group that’s still marginalized is our LGBT community. The Human Rights Campaign scours the Country, grading local jurisdictions on how well they exhibit inclusiveness by both policy, and through services offered to the gay community. We received our rating last week – we scored 93 out of 100, and adding ‘bonus points,’ Tucson graded above 100 on the scale.

There are 5 categories on which the HRC scores jurisdictions. Here’s a summary of the categories, and how we scored on each:

1)    Non-Discrimination laws – this category looks at whether discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity is prohibited by local statute.  It includes employment, housing and public accommodations. We scored 30 points out of a possible 30.
2)    The City as an Employer – here the HRC scores based on the extent to which we provide equivalent benefits and protections to LGBT employees. It also includes how we issue contracts to fair-minded businesses. We got 26 out of 28 in this category
3)    Municipal Services – this section makes an assessment of our efforts to ensure LGBT constituents are included in City programs and services. We were doing pretty well until losing 5 points for not having an LGBT liaison in our City Manager or Mayor’s office. We scored 7 out of 12.
4)    Law Enforcement – the main areas this category covered are reporting and acting on hate crimes against the gay community, and our public safety outreach to LGBT. We scored a perfect 22 out of 22.
5)    Leadership on LGBT Equality – this measures the City’s commitment to being fully inclusive based on sexual orientation or gender identity. That includes both hiring practices and policy efforts. We scored 8 out of a possible 8.

The HRC is made up of more than 3 million members on a nationwide basis. It’s the largest LGBT civil rights organization in the Country. Ensuring basic equal rights is their goal. I’m proud to be associated with a City leadership that is clearly on board with the HRC principles. If you’d like to learn more about the group, you can reach the national campaign at And the local group can be reached at

Migrant Protection Protocols

One more civil rights effort this M&C is engaged in is our work with migrants coming through our City. Since my office began working with Project Mariposa volunteers and Catholic Community Services (CCS) over 5 years ago, more than 35,000 migrants have been assisted in reaching their next-of-kin. The vast majority of the migrants are coming from Central America, and the vast majority of their next-of-kin are found on the east coast, or in the southeastern part of the U.S. 

This is the work that you’re likely familiar with that was happening recently out of the Benedictine monastery. It’s now happening at the Alitas Welcome Center – the new County facility, still managed by CCS and volunteers. Until recently, they were functioning very well, providing services to the 50-75 people who were being dropped off per day by Border Patrol. Last week the Trump administration announced they were beginning to bypass Tucson, take migrants directly from the border to El Paso, and then divert them back into Mexico to await their asylum hearing. That policy is called Migrant Protection Protocol (MPP.) It does not in any fashion ‘protect’ the migrants involved. Those of us who are close to the operation refer to the process as “Remain in Mexico.”

From El Paso, the migrant families we would otherwise have been working with at the Alitas Center are being sent into Juarez, Mexico. That City is overrun by cartels and gangs. As was true of the Benedictine, the Alitas Center is providing a safe place for migrants, food, shelter, clothing and passage to next-of-kin. The families who are now being sent to Juarez will be fighting to survive. It is an act of spite by an administration that has failed multiple times to criminalize compassion. 

When I learned of the policy change last week, I put together a Memorial opposing MPP, reached out to Mayor-elect Romero, and Regina was totally on board supporting the Memorial you see below. The full M&C will vote on it on Tuesday. When she and I met to discuss it last week, we agreed that the vote will send an important message that even though there were some local divisions over Prop 205, the ‘sanctuary City’ effort, this governing body remains fully supportive of the migrant community coming through Tucson, fleeing abject poverty and extreme violence that exists in their home Countries. I expect the full M&C will unanimously approve the Memorial. Here it is, in full:

Ice Rink Downtown

 We’re partnering with Rio and bringing an outdoor ice rink to downtown. It’s up and running now – right next to the MLK apartments, on the site where two years ago we had a ‘beach’ for people to mess around on. The rink will be open from now through January 5th. 

The weekday hours are generally 4pm until 10pm. The rink opens earlier on weekends. You should check their website before making plans, though. . It was closed the day after Thanksgiving due to the wet weather we had.

There are about 30 different sponsors supporting this effort – you can find them all listed at that same site. You can rent skates at the rink – remember to take double socks. Your feet will get cold and wet. It’s another opportunity to show off the great things happening downtown to your winter visitors coming here to escape ice rinks back east.

Water Security

In the past couple of newsletters, I’ve made comments about the Air Guard having PFC levels in excess of 11,000 parts per trillion out by their runway at Tucson International Airport. KVOA picked up the story. In response, the ANG issued this comment:

We are committed to following the CERCLA clean-up process at Air Force release sites to evaluate unacceptable risk to human health and the environment. Individual release sites may result in a range of response and clean-up actions that are prioritized with the Air Force environmental program. The Air Force will continue to partner with local communities, state regulatory authorities, federal interagency partners and Congress to comply with environmental protection law. The Air Force is proud to be a leader in the response to PFOS/PFOA contamination, and we will continue to work with our neighbors, regulators, and elected officials to protect human health and our environment.

That statement needs some unpacking. First, the reference to the “CERCLA clean-up process” is a red herring in this case. They’re referring to Superfund; the EPA driven funding stream for cleaning up contaminated sites. To qualify, the EPA must have set a maximum contamination level (MCL). In the case of PFCs, they haven’t done that yet. They’ve issued a health advisory of 70 parts per trillion, but the Air Guard and Air Force are well aware that a health advisory doesn’t kick in any “CERCLA” funds. Their commitment to following CERCLA is the sleeves out of their vest.

Should there be an MCL for the stuff? In the course of several lawsuits, both DuPont and 3M internal memos and other material has long been made public. In addition, several studies to see the effects of PFCs have been conducted. In 2004, a study conducted by Dr. James Dahlgren, a nationally respected toxicologist showed increased risks of prostate cancer, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, leukemia, and several myelomas. Emery University found similar effects in their 2012 study of DuPont workers who had been exposed to PFC’s. They found a 3x increase of chronic kidney disease and a 2x increase of developing diabetes, Type 2. Even the EPA has shown links to low birth weight, accelerated puberty, skeletal, liver and immune issues from exposure in drinking water. And both DuPont and 3M were conducting their own internal studies as far back as the 1960s, finding the same sorts of effects. The current EPA continues to roll back environmental regulations. The military continues to advocate for use of PFAS laden firefighting foam. Should there be a maximum contamination level that kick starts remediation funding? Yes. And there are lots of people in positions to achieve that who have guilty knowledge that it’s long overdue.

As for the Air Force partnering with local communities, I’d love to see that. We had to litigate in order to get them to step up and fund a treatment plant to take care of the 1, 4 Dioxane contamination they caused out on the Southwest side. We now get monthly reports from Tucson Water showing that the treatment is effective, but the ‘partnership’ was compelled through the courts. If the USAF wants to change that narrative, they’re welcome to bring their checkbook to the table and help with treatment plants, restored water capacity, and O&M going forward as we put clean-up strategies into place related to the PFCs they’ve been dumping into the groundwater. Today, we do not know the long term effects of those contaminants. The companies who produced them knew decades ago that the stuff was toxic. We’re already litigating 3M and others. The Defense Department is where the federal dollars are, and they are undeniably culpable for much of our local contamination.

This will be a long-term issue for our community. There was a recent news report on KOLD where they compared life expectancies between people who live in the foothills, and people who live on Tucson’s south side. It’s the south side that decades ago had the TCE contamination going untreated. Here’s what that plume looked like back in 1987:

According to the study KOLD was reporting on, if you live in the foothills, your life expectancy is in the mid-80’s. If you live on the south side, where the untreated contamination existed, that life expectancy drops to 67 years of age. In the report they interviewed physicians who were attributing the difference to things such as good diet, exercise, good blood pressure, knowing your cholesterol and correct body weight. Not a single one of them raised the possibility that in 1987 the water was found to have TCE and other chemicals. While toxicology studies since that time have been done, and none have taken a ‘cause/effect’ position with respect to the chemicals in the groundwater and health impacts on local citizens, there is near unanimous agreement that the chemicals are harmful and that they do cause certain cancers and other diseases. It may currently be the difference between what you know, and what you can prove. 

And why are we finding PFCs up near Marana? One reason may be that the Air Force dumped the foam they used containing it into the sewer system. We know that – they admitted it. Another reason may be that Airport Wash cuts through the ’87 plume site and runs into the Santa Cruz. Migration of PFCs through that route is not an unrealistic possibility. Again, more unproven, but logical explanations.

We now use Granulated Activated Carbon filters in our treatment plants – filters that are effective in screening out PFCs. Dr. Reyes Sierra from the UA received a $1.2M grant to study more effective and less costly treatments. That study just began early in 2019. We don’t have the luxury to wait years for that study to conclude before we take more aggressive steps in cleaning up the 3M, DOD, Air Guard mess. Our 3M litigation is moving forward. I believe we should expand the pool of defendants to include the Department of Defense (over 400 Air Force bases nationwide have stopped using the foam that was contaminating groundwater all over the Country,) and the State Air National Guard. Sometimes that’s the only way to get ‘partners’ to partner in solutions.

Over the weekend I tested a couple of local media outlets about what sorts of things they were covering. One typical newscast had in the first 18 minutes 3 stories on weather and 3 stories on shopping. Nothing on the security of our water supply.

I’m a ‘dog person’, but I’d say in this case that cat is pretty cool. Meet Bella. As a ‘Welcome to Tucson,’ she’s this week’s local Tucson item.

 Bella came to Tucson’s zoo at Reid Park from Akron, Ohio. She was born in Akron and is now 10 years old. Sending her here is a part of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums’ species survival program. Bella has skin allergies. The hope is that our climate will be more comfortable for her than the issues she was dealing with back in Ohio.

Jaguar populations are declining in the wild, largely due to a loss of habitat. You’ve read about related loss in relation to the Rosemont Mine project. Preservation of habitat is something consumers can take part in through the purchase of products that do not require removal of habitat. For example, World Wildlife Federation estimates that about 80% of the current habitat for Jaguars lies in the Amazon. Remember a month ago when we were seeing daily shots of them burning the forest to make room for agriculture? That’s an example of the collateral damage our consumption patterns can have.

Bella is slowly making her way out into her public space. You’ll see her swimming and climbing. Ask one of the great zoo ambassadors you see where to find her on your next trip to the zoo.

Restoring My Position as A ‘Dog Person’

Ok, Bella may be cool, but dogs are better. 

Last week, the NY Times had an article that was a fun reminder of just how loving dogs are – not only ‘man’s best friend’ but everyone’s, and all critters are included. The article was titled “Dogs can’t help falling in love.” I’ll even give it a pass for having been the work of a guy from ASU.

The study involved giving a dog an MRI. The intent was to study dogs’ unique ability to understand and to communicate with humans. Dr. Wynne – the ASU guy – was demonstrating that in fact, they’re wired with the capacity for interspecies love. You’ve seen the bumper sticker:

Raise a dog with sheep, and it’ll bond with sheep. Goats, too. And cats. And people. They found that the part of a dog’s brain that lights up when it hears their owners’ voices is the same part of the human brain that lights up when we’re fond of something, or someone. It’s more an emotional function than a cognitive one. 

The MRI test was tied with a study of dog genomes. In humans, there’s a disorder called Williams-Beuren syndrome. It’s a rare genetic disorder, one symptom of which is indiscriminate friendliness. The studies identified that gene in dogs – the MRI showed the part of the brain that activated when the pooch heard the owners’ voice ties in with where we show emotional pleasure. The study linked these observations together – short message, your dog’s love and bonding with you is how it’s wired both genetically, and in its brain. You’re not imagining it, and he’s not faking it just to get a treat.
So, I’ll chalk up the big black dog that lunged at me and bit me while I was running on the loop as simply protecting his master. And I’ll focus on Lara, Chloe, Mona, Mia, Annie, Morgan and all the rest of the pooches I stop and pet on my morning runs. We have a genetic thing going.

Child Seat Giveaway

Bad transition alert- it’s not only dogs we’re genetically connected with. It also applies to our kids. Ok, I warned you…

Set aside Saturday, December 21st, to come and take part in the TPD/Pima County car seat giveaway. It’ll take place at the TPD west side substation – 1310 W. Miracle Mile.

This isn’t a ‘drive-in/drive-out’ give away. In order to receive the free car seat, you’ll need to register and attend a free 90-minute class that covers safe installation and use of the seats and some rules you’ll want to know, about who can be placed in them. There are 4 different class times already set aside for the morning of the 21st, beginning at 8am and running through 10:30am. You’ll need to make child care arrangements as kids are not allowed in the 90-minute classes. Use this link to register. 

We’re grateful to our partners at TMC for working with us on this program.


Before the women’s basketball game last Friday, a guy said to me that he couldn’t get his councilman to respond to his emails about scooters. The reason may be that outside of the midtown area, they’re not an issue. On Tuesday, I’ll be asking my colleagues to respect the impact they’re having on Ward 6 and end this mess.

A recent CNN article had this as a headline:

 I pulled this photo from that article – people who have to step over and around them are not amused.

This isn’t just a local nuisance. In Sweden, they’ve reported 241 accidents this year, including one death related to scooter use. In Spain, they’ve been banned in Barcelona. Back home, in San Diego (one of the early scooter Cities), they’ve had over 15,000 complaints just since the start of summer. They have impounded 3,700 of them and have issued over 500 tickets to riders. We’ve done zero impoundments or citations, despite the constant complaints we’re hearing. A personal injury attorney in Santa Monica (Catherine Lerer) says she has spoken to nearly 400 victims of scooter injuries over the past 18 months. That’s both riders and pedestrians who have been hit by irresponsible riders. 

Here are some local comments I’ve received about scooters:

"Hello Council Members,

Thursday, 21 Nov 2019, between 4:30 and 5 P.M., as I was driving south on Park Avenue between Elm ST and Speedway Blvd, I saw a male person (probably a UA student) using an e-scooter heading north on Park AV. His feet were on a skateboard and his hands were on the e-scooter handlebars propelling the person forward in the bike lane."

"I live in Armory Park and work downtown. I have yet to see anyone riding a scooter while wearing a helmet. Unfortunately, I have seen way too many adults who should know better riding them on sidewalks during the busy lunch hour downtown."

This photo was sent to me by a Ward 3 resident – it’s taken on Fontana, just north of Glen. I used to live about 200’ from this mess:  

I’m sure you’ve heard of Rorschach tests – where you look at an abstract image and tell the tester what you see – like this image:

I’d like to submit this image to one of the Rorschach testers. It’s from 4th Avenue. Other than a mess, what does the image say to you?

The Iron Horse neighborhood has now submitted a letter asking for an end to the pilot program. Iron Horse is located just east of 4th Avenue. Here’s their letter.

In their letter they mention people riding on sidewalks – like this:

When the picture was sent to Bird to look into, this was their reply:

And this one, too? Also on 4th Avenue, next to both Iron Horse, and to West University neighborhood.

And these two riding on the sidewalk through the 4th Avenue underpass, also a daily experience for people living and working in the area:

This couple is riding on one of our narrow downtown sidewalks. 

These guys are, too.

At least this guy’s riding on the sidewalk solo – still illegal and unsafe, and without a helmet:

Bird and Razor seem to believe sidewalk riders are an uncommon event. In fact, it’s daily, common, and oh by the way, not a single person is wearing a helmet. But we don’t require that under our pilot program – and even if we did, nobody is out enforcing this stuff, so it wouldn’t matter.

Here’s the official letter from West University neighborhood – they’ve had enough, too.

The people who deploy these things are called ‘chargers’. This nest is blocking both the 4’ required for ADA passage, and access to a maintenance cover if service was needed;

And speaking of ADA access being denied;


Several council members recently gave deference to the Historic 4th Avenue Coalition. Well, here’s how they feel about scooters:

Late last week we received a letter from a couple of Assistant Professors who work in the UA architecture school. It seems TDOT has helped them fund a research project on scooters. Specifically, they want to see whether people would avoid riding on the sidewalk if we provided better on-street options (what they call ‘non-optimal behavior’), they’re gathering the thoughts of business managers, and they want to make sure we’re not creating chronic health issues by eliminating them (driving being displaced by the scooters). They seem to feel that by ending the program now, their research will be compromised because they haven’t had time to collect all of their data. First, the City is not their petri dish. I see this stuff every day. I share it with you. What they call ‘non-optimal’, I call illegal. It does not take a research professor to see from the photos I share that these things are largely being used for fun, in illegal and unsafe ways. There’s an element of research called ‘observational research.’ I’d suggest these two get out and do some of that. Doing so may bridge the gap between their academic bubble and what’s happening every day out on the streets and sidewalks of this City.

Time to throw in the towel on this misguided trial. We’ve already had a broken arm and at least one incident of severe facial lacerations that I’m aware of. More to come the longer the scooters are allowed on our midtown sidewalks and streets.

Bike Boulevards

Instead of scooters, our focus should be on expanding our already excellent bike boulevard network. Coming both this and next week, we’ll be doing some public outreach to get your thoughts on doing exactly that. Specifically, with respect to the Treat and 3rd Street bike boulevards.

Last September and October, TDOT went out into the public and solicited input on these two boulevards. Now, they’re returning to share plans for them, based on what they heard. The meetings will be held at the Himmel Park library (1035 N. Treat) on December 5th, and at the Murphy-Wilmot library (530 N. Wilmot) on Tuesday, December 10th. Both meetings will start at 5:30pm. 

You can also go on-line to see the plans, and to offer your thoughts. That can be done at, or contact Ryan Fagan at

Film Tucson

From time to time, I give you an update on what’s happening through our Film Tucson office and the successes we’re seeing attracting films to our region. Despite Arizona lacking a Statewide film incentive, we continue to see work in and around this region.

Our Visit Tucson Film Office shared this photo – it’s the Horseshoe Café in Benson. Shelli Hall and her folks at the Film Office connected the shoot between producers Native Content, the Arizona Department of Transportation and locals from the Benson area. Getting the project done involved shutting down Highway 80 for a while. Logistics. 

In addition, last month Shelli joined 14 filmmakers from L.A., Texas, New Mexico and Mexico in a tour of possible shoot locations on the Navajo Nation. They saw the 800 square miles through a combination of van, helicopter, plane and by houseboat. In addition to the visuals, the group was given a cultural orientation to the area. The Navajo Nation already has a history of supporting filmmaking. It’d be great if the recent tour generated even more of the same to the area. 

The Film Office is responsible for bringing in several millions of dollars of film work to Tucson and the region every year. We could increase that by a factor of 10 with some incentives. Note that some of the filmmakers accompanying Shelli on the Navajo tour are from New Mexico. They have incentives, and they use them to their advantage on a pretty regular basis. Even without those, though, we’re in the game thanks to Visit Tucson’s great work.

Federal Communications Commission Meeting

This is a ‘mark your calendar’ notice – January 28th, 6pm, here at the Ward 6 office community room. It’s actually more than just ‘mark your calendar.’ It’s also a reminder that during this holiday season, watch out for scams that may be coming at you from over the phone, and other ways.

On Tuesday the 28th, representatives from the FCC will be here to give a presentation on scams, robocalls and other telecom issues. It’s an FCC ‘road tour’ intended to build partnerships with communities around the southwest. They’ll bring hand-outs, but most importantly will be here to make a presentation, and to take your questions. The issues they’ll be dealing with cost consumers millions of dollars each year. They include:

a)    Unwanted robocalls and ‘spoofing’
b)    Telephone billing procedures called ‘slamming’ and ‘cramming’
c)    How to protect your smart device from being lost or stolen
d)    How changes in broadcast TV may be impacting our area
e)    How to file complaints with the FCC

I’ll have more on this meeting as it gets closer but it’s important enough information that I wanted you to get it booked early so you don’t miss out.


Steve Kozachik
Council Member, Ward 6

City of Tucson Services

Follow this link for contact information you might need from time to time to access all sorts of City services. You’ll find Environmental Services, Tucson Water, how to report graffiti, some Tucson Codes, and a bunch more. You are completely still welcome to contact us directly at the Ward office if you’d like some help navigating the system, but there will be times you just want to make a call on your own.

Events and Entertainment

Friday, December 6, 7:30 pm - 9:30 pm


Fox Tucson Theatre, 17 W. Congress St.

Take a journey through Christmas in Ireland with superb dancing, singing and Irish traditional music celebrating the international spirit of the holiday season.

An Irish Christmas, features an award-winning cast of Irish dancers led by Caterina Coyne (Principal Dancer Riverdance), World Champion Dancer Tyler Schwartz (Magic of the Dance, Gaelforce Dance, Celtic Fyre, Celtic Wings) and Connor Reider (The Chieftains, St. Patrick’s Day in Ireland, Celtic Fyre, Celtic Wings) in a memorable night that sparkles with the charm and magic that only this festive time of year can bring. Celebrate the great tradition of butter-making, chase the wren on St. Stephen’s Day, draw down the half door for spectacular dance, enjoy superb music-making and singing of Christmas carols in an unforgettable Irish night! Songs spinning out of the mists and into the familiar Silent Night, 12 days of Christmas and Carol of the Bells, and superb music from members of the Kerry Traditional Orchestra are just the beginning of this great Irish night! Not to be Missed! Ireland at its best! $30 – $47

December 7, 2:00 pm - 3:30 pm


Dusty Monk Pub, 201 N. Court Ave.

A part of the Presidio Museum’s “Salon and Saloon” Lecture Series, this lecture features Dr. John Langellier, author of more than 40 books, including Fighting for Uncle Sam:  Buffalo Soldiers in the Frontier Army and Southern Arizona Military Outposts, who will present the long history of military operations along today’s U.S./Mexico border with an emphasis on the role of African-American soldiers stationed in Arizona.

Lecture will be held at the Dusty Monk Pub across the street from the Presidio Museum.  Food and Drink will be available for sale.  $5/person at the door.

December 7, 6:00 pm - 9:00 pm


Untitled Gallery,, 101 W 6th St., Suite 121, Warehouse Arts District

Please join us for our 1st annual Small Works show!  Over 75 artists submitted more than 200 pieces of art from as far as Singapore! We are absolutely thrilled to share our gallery space with the participating artists.  It’s a beautiful way to start the holiday season and perhaps find that perfect gift!  Enjoy delicious food, drinks and conversation!


Arizona State Museum, 1013 E University Blvd |

Arizona Theater Company, 330 S Scott Ave |

Children's Museum Tucson, 200 S 6th Ave |

Fox Theatre, 17 W Congress St |

Historic Fourth Avenue, See Facebook page for weekly events:

Hotel Congress, 311 E Congress St |

Jewish History Museum, 564 S Stone Ave |

Loft Cinema, 3233 E Speedway Blvd |

Meet Me at Maynards, 311 E Congress St |
A social walk/run through the Downtown area. Every Monday, rain or shine, holidays too! Check-in begins at 5:15 pm.

Mission Garden, 946 W Mission Ln |
A living agricultural museum and ethnobotanical garden at the site of Tucson's Birthplace (the foot of "A-Mountain"). For guided tours call 520-955-5200

Raices Taller 222, 218 E. 6th St | Fridays and Saturdays from 1pm to 5pm |

Rialto Theatre, 318 E Congress St |

The Rogue Theatre, The Historic Y, 300 E University Blvd |

Southern Arizona Transportation Museum, 414 N Toole Ave |

Tucson Botanical Gardens, 2150 N Alvernon Way |

Tucson Convention Center, 260 S Church St |

Tucson Museum of Art, 140 N Main Ave |

UA Mineral Museum, 1601 E University Blvd |

Watershed Management Group, Living Lab 1137 N. Dodge Blvd. |

Yume Japanese Gardens of Tucson2130 North Alvernon Way |